HEALTH TIPS: High Blood Pressure


High Blood Pressure (HBP):  Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.  High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms.  Long term high blood pressure, however, is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, and chronic kidney disease.

High blood pressure is classified as either primary (essential) high blood pressure or secondary high blood pressure.  About 90–95% of cases are primary, defined as high blood pressure due to nonspecific lifestyle and genetic factors.  Lifestyle factors that increase the risk include excess salt, excess body weight, smoking, and alcohol.  The remaining 5–10% of cases are categorized as secondary high blood pressure, defined as high blood pressure due to an identifiable cause, such as chronic kidney disease, narrowing of the kidney arteries, an endocrine disorder, or the use of birth control pills.

Blood pressure is expressed by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic pressures, which are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively.  Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100–140 millimeters mercury (mmHg) systolic and 60–90 mmHg diastolic.  High blood pressure is present if the resting blood pressure is persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg for most adults.  Different numbers apply to children.  Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring over a 24-hour period appears more accurate than office best blood pressure measurement.

Lifestyle changes and medications can lower blood pressure and decrease the risk of health complications. Lifestyle changes include weight loss, decreased salt intake, physical exercise, and a healthy diet.  If lifestyle changes are not sufficient blood pressure medications are used.  Up to three medications controls blood pressure in 90% of people.  The treatment of moderately high arterial blood pressure (defined as >160/100 mmHg) with medications is associated with an improved life expectancy.  The effect of treatment of blood pressure between 140/90 mmHg and 160/100 mmHg is less clear, with some reviews finding benefit and others not finding benefit.  High blood pressure affects between 16 and 37% of the population globally.  In 2010 hypertension was believed to have been a factor in 18% (9.4 million) deaths.



California Online Voter Registration:  Time is vastly approaching to register to vote.  Now you can log online to register to vote.  This is great! After Facebook ran reminders at the top of Californians’ news feeds, the California Secretary of State’s online voter registration portal saw a huge jump in registrations. High voter turnout means good things for our democracy.  Each vote counts.  Make a difference.
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A truck carrying cows overturn at the busy intersection of 47th Street East and Palmdale Blvd roundabout.  The nature of the overturn vehicle is still under investigation.  The  intersection has been shut down.  Please take alternate routes.    There are no report of any fatalities.

The roundabout has been in place since 2012 to prevent fatalities.  Lancaster has a roundabout at the intersection of  avenue L & Challenger.  Avoid this intersection until further notice.



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